Eng101 English Comprehension Assignment 1 Answer

ENG101 English Comprehension Short Questions Answers Short Notes

Question: What is an antonym?

Answer: Antonym is a word having opposite meaning.

Question: How many letters are there of English alphabets?

Answer: There are 26 letters of English alphabets.

Question: What is a phoneme?

Answer: The smallest unit of sound is called a phoneme. The sound of a word

Which you utter is called a phoneme.

Question: Define a dictionary.

Answer: A dictionary is a book that not only lists and records the words of a

Language but it also tells you how speakers of the language spell,

Pronounce, define, explain, and use the words of their language.

Question: What are vowels?

Answer: Vowels are sounds produced without any obstruction in the mouth.

Question: How are phonemic symbols shown in a dictionary?

Answer: Phonemic symbols are given in slash brackets in the dictionary. / /

Question: What is a dip thong vowel?

Answer: A dip thong vowel is the sound which is produced by combining two

vowel sounds. In diphthongs, there is a movement or glide from one

vowel sound to another.

Moreover, there are 8 diphthong vowels in English.

Question: What is a consonant sound?

Answer: A consonant is a sound which is articulated with some obstruction in the


Question: What is stress?

Answer: Stress is the extra force, used in pronunciation or speaking, on a

particular word. A dictionary indicates stress by a tiny mark on top of a


Question: What is the topic of a paragraph?

Answer: The topic of a paragraph is the subject of the whole paragraph. It tells

what the whole paragraph is about.It can usually be expressed in a word

or two.

ENG101 English Comprehension Short Questions Answers Short Notes

Question: What are connectives?

Answer: Connectives are links which are made by conjunctions that join ideas into

some kind of relationship within text. These words or phrases are also

known as transitional markers that connect ideas together. They


 result

 contrast

 illustration

 cause and effect

 a series/time sequence

 addition

Question: What is phonetics?

Answer: Phonetics is the precise study of human speech sounds - how they are

produced, how they are transmitted and how they are heard.

Question: What is phonology?

Answer: Phonology is the broader study of major speech sounds, and their

organisation, in a particular language.

Question: What is a prefix, stem and suffix?

Answer: The stem of a word is its basic form, the fundamental element which is

common to all the other forms of a word.

A prefix is a form which is fixed to to the beginning of a stem;

A suffix is a form which is fixed to the end of a stem. e.g. in the word


Stem = measure

Suffix = able

Prefix = im

Question: What is scanning?

Answer: Scanning means reading a text quickly in order to look for a specific

piece of information e.g.,looking for a particular number in a telephone

directory is scanning for information.

Question: Which factors show that your readingcomprehension is not good?

Answer: speed and comprehension are related. If you are not an

experienced reader then reading faster can make your comprehention

slow. Moreover, vocalisation i.e., reading words aloud can also make you

comprehend less.

Question: Which things should be kept in mind while reading?

Answer: As a skilled reader you must recognize the writer's purpose, tone and


Question: What is practical writing?

Answer: Practical writing deals mainly with facts. It may be a report, an account or

someone expressing his opinion on a particular matter, a series of

instruction or a set of statistics.

Question: What does "making inferences" mean?

Answer: 1.You are familiar with the expression “to read between the lines”,

which means that you pick up ideas that are not directly stated in the

material you are reading. The writer is giving or making a suggestion but

stating it directly i.e. he is implying something. These implied ideas are

often important for a full understanding of what the writer means. It is

this discovering of ideas in writing that are not stated directly that is

called “making inferences” or drawing conclusions.

ENG101 English Comprehension Short Questions Answers Short Notes

Question: What is a fact?

Answer: A fact is a statement that can be proved true through objective evidence.

This evidence may be physical proof or the testimony of witness (spoken

or written).

Question: What is an opinion?

Answer: An opinion is a statement that can not be objectively proved true or false.

Opinions usually express beliefs, feelings, judgements that a person may

have on or about a subject.

Question: What is the difference between the abbreviation i.e., and e.g.

Answer: The abbreviation i.e. (i.e., that is) is often confused with other

abbreviations (e.g., e.g.). The i.e. generally is used to introduce matter

that is explanatory as opposed to being the name of an example or list of

examples. If you can say for example as a substitute for the abbreviation,

You want to use e.g., not i.e. Do not italicize or underline these


Question: What is the difference between abbreviations and acronyms?

Answer: There is a difference between acronyms and abbreviations. An acronym

Is usually formed by taking the first initials of a phrase or compounded-

Word and using those initials to form a word that stands for something.

Thus NATO, which we pronounce NATOH, is an acronym for North

Atlantic Treaty Organization, and LASER (which we pronounce "lazer"),

Is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of

Radiation. FBI, then, is not really an acronym for the Federal Bureau of

Investigation; it is an abbreviation. AIDS is an acronym; HIV is an

Abbreviation. URL is an abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator

(World Wide Web address), but many people pronounce it as "Earl,"

Making it a true acronym and others insist on pronouncing it as three

Separate letters, "U * R * L," thus making it an abbreviation.

Question: How many phonemes are there in English?

Answer: In English 44 sounds of phonemes have been identified.

Question: How many vowel phonemes are there in English language?

Answer: There are 20 vowel phonemes in English language.

Question: What are references?

Answer: References are words in a sentence that refer to each other. They can be

Pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, adverbs etc.,as well as substitute the

Words coming earlier are later.

Question: What is skimming?

Answer: Skimming means reading a text quickly to get the gist of the text. The

reader is just concerned with the main idea and leaves the minor or

Supporting details. Skimming is a useful technique especially in extensive


Question: What is imaginative writing?

Answer: Imaginative writing means creative writing. Creative writings include

novels, short stories, a piece of writing dealing with fictional situation. It

can also be a poem.

Question: What is a topic sentence?

Answer: The sentence which states the main idea of a paragraph is the topic

sentence of that paragraph. It may occur anywhere in the paragraph_____

in the beginning, in the middle or at the end.

Question: Whish are the three common purposes of communication?

Answer: The three common purposes of communication are:

 To inform

 To persuade

 To entertain

Question: What is a synonym?

Answer: Synonym is a word having similar meaning.

Question: What is an obsolete?

Answer: Obsolete is a word that is no longer in use.

Question: What is an archaic?

Answer: Archaic is a word that is no longer in use.

Question: What are some of the uses of a dictionary?

Answer: The following is a list of things that can be learned from a dictionary.

 Spelling

 Pronunciation

 Parts of speech

 Origin of words

 Meaning/ explanation

 Synonyms& antonyms

 Foreign words and phrases

 General information.

For important helping material related to the subject ( Solved MCQs, Short Notes, Solved Past Papers, E-Books, Recommended Books, FAQs, Short Questions Answers & more). You must view all the featured discussion in this subject group.
(Last Updated On: November 5, 2017)

ENG101 Assignment 1 Complete Solution 2017



ENG101 Assignment No 01 Solution & Discussion Fall 2017

English Comprehension (Eng101)

Fall 2017
Assignment No. 1
Total Marks: 20
Lectures: 1-8


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Q1. Read each numbered sentence below. Then circle the option that uses the boldfaced word in the same meaning as used in the numbered sentence. (5*2=10 Marks)
This year a toll of one dollar was charged to process each entry in the regional science fair.
I wanted to call my friend in Seattle to tell him about the science fair, but the toll was too much.
Working night and day on her science fair entry really has taken a toll on Janice health.
For her project, Sabina decided to toll church bells and measure the time of sound vibrations.
The rainstorm took a heavy toll on the number of people willing to come out of science fair.

Because I do not have my driver’s license, one of my parents drove me to the beach to get sea water for my experiment.
“Who gave you license to use my bowls and measuring cups for your experiment?” my mother asked.
One of my experiments involved cooking fresh-caught fish, so I had to get a fishing license.
In order for the Fish and Game Department to license me, I had to have parental permission.
My sister joked that the letters on our car license plate, YAE, must stand for “Young Albert Einstein.”

If you choose a career in anthropology, you could study people’s physical or cultural characteristics.
You might study how in some cultures most people career through life, while in other cultures people prefer a slower pace.
The science of anthropology has moved through this century in full career, making rapid progress.
L.S.B. Leakey, who did much research in Africa, was a career anthropologist and archaeologist.
Mary Catherine Bateson, the daughter of famed anthropologist Margaret Mead, entered the same career as her mother.

Have you read about the conduct of the Aztecs during the terrible two-year drought that began in 1450?
It was the great King Montezuma-I who had to conduct the Aztecs’ efforts to survive the drought years.
It was also up to the king to conduct the many military battles that extended the empire from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico.
Aztec parents taught their children important rules about conduct.
The musician will conduct his own composition, “Warriors of the Sun.”

The dishonest man’s plans were to counterfeit bills and use them to buy jewels.
Did he really counterfeit the jewels by using plastic and paint?
The saleswoman could tell that the customers’ interest in the gems was counterfeit.
Experts verified that the three diamonds from South Africa were not counterfeit.
The counterfeit was detected quickly by the experienced jeweler.

Q2. Read the following paragraph carefully. Choose the suitable form of words from the given choices and write correct options in the column given below.
(10*1=10 Marks)
The grandeur of the drawing room and a living room is best felt when there is an element of nature’s pride (possessive / possession) – a tree, or an indoor plant, or even for that matter, a sapling. Children as of now get to see less of greenery and more of technologically (driven / driver) software parks. Fortunately, we have come to a point where we can bring the world of flora into our homes. In the emerging world scenario, interior (decoration / decorated) has become a (passionate/passion) and a dictum for healthy living. The art of (plant / planting) in small pots with its branches neatly trimmed, gives rise to small neat structures of plants. These plants are easy to grow indoors as long as they have soil, air, light and water. Plants can be grown in the house all year round. Of late, Bonsai have (attracted / attraction) the attention of one and all. Botanists say that Bonsai are ornamental trees or shrubs grown in a pot and artificially (prevented / preventive) from reaching their normal size. Indoors, a formal bonsai display is arranged to represent a landscape, and traditionally consists of the featured bonsai tree in an appropriate pot atop a wooden stand, along with a shitakusa representing the foreground, and a hanging scroll representing the background. These three elements are chosen to complement each other and evoke a particular season, and are (composed / composition) asymmetrically to mimic nature. When displayed inside a traditional Japanese home, a formal bonsai display will often be placed within the home’s tokonoma or formal display alcove. An indoor display is usually temporary, lasting a day or two, as most bonsai are (intolerance / intolerant) to indoor conditions and rapidly lose their vigor. The Japanese (specialize / socialization) in bonsai and Ikebana. The latter flowers are displayed according to strict settings.

Sr. No. Correct Option Sr. No. Correct Option
1 possession 6 attracted
2 driven 7 prevented
3 decoration 8 composed
4 passion 9 intolerant
5 planting 10 specialize


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