Child Labour In India
Child labour involves making a child who is below the age of 18 years work and this work either harms the child or prevents the child from attending school, or both. India experiences the greatest levels of this type of labour around the globe. Actually, children who work in India make up 25% of all the child labour in the world.
Reasons for child labour in India and how it happens
Child labour in India happens because of two main reasons. The first one is the high poverty levels across the country. These levels are so high that it is even hard to afford food. The poverty level is attributed to the exploitation of the employees by their employers across most industries. As a result of this poverty, children usually have to try to get some extra coin at least for the purpose of getting some food. The other reason for this type of labour is the low quality of education system in India. This system does not equip children with skills that can help them earn a decent living. Therefore, parents and the children themselves are not motivated to attend school. Even though child labour is still a challenge in India, the government and some NGOs are really trying to control the situation. One way these two are using is the non-formal education program. This program allows children to work for some hours during mornings and attend classes later. This way, the children are able to get some income and something to eat, while still being able to learn.
How to control Child Labour in India
One way that the Indian government could help in reducing the country’s level of child labour is to provide cheap health services. These services are very important especially for the children. This way, child mortality levels will reduce. With low child mortality rates, parents will not wish to have many children for purposes of ensuring some of them grow into adulthood. They will rather have children they can provide for comfortably. Consequently, children will be taken to school and provided with basic needs without any need for them to work. Another solution to this menace would be educating parents. When parents understand the importance of taking their children to school and the dangers of child labour, then they will keep their children away from labouring.
One challenge that the government faces in controlling child labour is the fact that it is always informal. Moreover, charging a parent would only worsen a child’s situation.
Child Labor In India
While recent numbers indicate the percentage of children involved in child labor has reduced in India, the absolute numbers indicate that more than ever, more children are involved in child labor. This also shows that the high number of children in the country has been denied the right to several things including education. The problem or issue of child labor in the country is so big and intense as even foreigners complain about the cheap goods, non-compliance to standards and also the issue of human rights. Over 45 million children are involved in forced labor. Why do they force all these children to work? Maybe it is because children may not be in a position to defend themselves and their rights. Why do we have all these children working in forced labor? Apparently, something has to be done to deal with the issue. However, since the issue has been there for years, then it means it may take long to eradicate the problem fully.
Causes of Child Labor In India
The causes of the Child Labor in India may not be different from the causes of the same in other nations. Most of us agree that it is the violation of the Children Rights to have them working in forced labor and denying them the chances and opportunities that await them. Some parents blame the education system in the country that does not offer enough to the children. They blame the system for not providing education that can enable their children to attain skills that can have immediate benefits. However, there is hope that the issue will take another turn as the government is working on improving the education system in efforts to curb the increase in Child Labor in the country. The fact that these Children do not have a say about their rights has also intensified the state of Child Labor in the country. Also, the government may have failed in a way. Although the nation has the laws against Child Labor, the impact of these laws is limited. The reinforcement if these laws is weak and has thus denied the child justice and rights.
Effects of Child Labor In India
There are several effects associated and linked to Child Labor in the country. To start with, the children do not get the chances to get educated. This means low literacy levels which indicate increased poverty levels. Also, Child Labor indicates the violation of children rights.
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