Countries Name In French With Gender Reassignment

On By In 1

Look at these sentences:

Il rêve d'une Europe unie.
He dreams of a united Europe.

J'adore les Pays-Bas!
I love the Netherlands!

Là-bas, on découvre un Japon sauvage.
Over there, one discovers a wild Japan.

La Bretagne est une région magnifique.
Britany is a wonderful region.

Elle adore la Floride!
She loves Florida!

Note that in French, countries, continents, regions and states are either feminine, masculine or plural.

Here are the main rules:

- Most places ending in 'e' are feminine.
This includes all the continents (Europe, Afrique, Amérique, Asie, Océanie, Antarctique).  

EXCEPTIONS:

  • le Mexique (Mexico)le Cambodge (Cambodia), le Zimbabwe or Zimbabwé, le Mozambique and le Belize or Bélize

 

- Places ending in other letters (including other vowels: a, o, etc) are masculine.

le Japon, le Portugal, l'Ohio, le Nebraska, ...

 

- Some countries are plural: they're usually made up of several "parts" (states, lands...).

 les États-Unis (USA), les Pays-Bas (Netherlands), ...

ATTENTION: 
le Pays de Galles (Wales) is singular and masculine.


Case of English counties 

English counties, including the ones ending in "-shire" and Merseyside, are masculine... 

Ils habitent dans le Yorkshire.
They live in Yorkshire.

Je travaille dans le Hampshire.
I work in Hampshire.

Le Merseyside est un comté anglais qui comprend Liverpool.
Merseyside is an English county that comprises Liverpool.

BUT for two noteable exceptions:

Cornwall, which in French is translated as la or les Cornouailles.
- Isle of Wight, because the word île is feminine in French: l'île de Wight.

J'ai été enchanté par la Cornouailles, que j'ai découverte cette année.
I was delighted by Cornwall, that I discovered this year.

L'île de Wight est très belle à cette époque de l'année.
The Isle of Wight is very beautiful at this time of year.

 Of course, this rule also applies to le New Hampshire.

 

VOCABULARY LINKS:
Here's a link to the French Wikipédia page on American states, at the beginning of which you'll find the list with their genders marked -> (m) for masculine and (f) for feminine:
Les États des États-Unis

Here's our Vocabulary List of 46 countries:

Vocabulaire - Les pays


See also  Using en with feminine countries and au(x) with masculine countries to say in or to (prepositions), Venir de, d', du, des + country / state / region = To come/be from and Using le, la, l', les with continents, countries & regions names (definite articles) 


L'île de Wight est très belle à cette époque de l'année.
The Isle of Wight is very beautiful at this time of year.


Il rêve d'une Europe unie.
He dreams of a united Europe.


J'adore les Pays-Bas!
I love the Netherlands!


Le Merseyside est un comté anglais qui comprend Liverpool.
Merseyside is an English county that comprises Liverpool.


Je travaille dans le Hampshire.
I work in Hampshire.


J'ai été enchanté par la Cornouailles, que j'ai découverte cette année.
I was delighted by Cornwall, that I discovered this year.


Ils habitent dans le Yorkshire.
They live in Yorkshire.


La Bretagne est une région magnifique.
Britany is a wonderful region.


Elle adore la Floride!
She loves Florida!


Là-bas, on découvre un Japon sauvage.
Over there, one discovers a wild Japan.


Loading your Kwiz

Knowing the names of different nationalities (les nationalités) will not only allow you to tell something about yourself but also it will help you to get to know better the person you are talking to, especially if he/she is a foreigner.

Table of Contents

Things to remember:

  • As with majority of the French adjectives, there is a masculine and feminine form for most of the names of nationalities. All you need to do is to add an “-e” to the masculine form.  Eg. français / française
    • Most of the time it will change the pronunciation  français / française (z) but there are some exceptions where it stays the same: Eg. espagnol / espagnole
    • If the name of the adjective of nationality ends with “-e”, the word stays the same. Eg. Paul est suisse. / Marie est suisse. 
  • The names of nationalities in French are written insmall letters, unlike in the English language !

Names of Nationalities in French: 

French French feminineEnglish
françaisfrançaiseFrench
anglaisanglaiseEnglish
sénégalais sénégalaise Senegalese
marocain marocaineMoroccan
allemandallemandeGerman
russerusseRussian
américainaméricaineAmerican
espagnolespagnoleSpanish
suédoissuédoiseSwedish
britannique britannique British
écossaiseécossaiseScottish

Names of the Countries

You may also want to learn the names of the countries in French that go with the names of these nationalities. Have a look atthislesson. 

Exercise 1

Exercise 3

Related

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *