Assignment Self Reflection And Assessment

For me examples are like pictures; worth a 1,000 words. In last week’s post I wrote about the need to intervene in the development of student self-assessment skills, leaving the process less to chance and making it more the result of purposeful intervention. At a recent Teaching Professor Workshop, I saw an assignment that illustrates that kind of intervention. It was from a 100-level, Introduction to U.S. Government course, but is adaptable to any course. The assignment has two parts and they are the first and last pieces of work students complete in the course.

First Assignment – Personal Goals Statement
Prepare a paper (at least 750 words) that identifies your personal goals for this course. This statement should be specific and detailed. The paper should also contain a description of how you plan to meet your goals. If it helps, you are welcome to set weekly goals and a time schedule. You should do whatever will help you think through why you are taking this particular course and how it fits in with your overall learning goals.

Last Assignment – What Have You Learned from the Class?
Write a self evaluation paper (at least 750 words) in which you analyze how well you met your personal goals for the course. If your goals changed, discuss how and if unforeseen goals emerged, describe what they were. Conclude the paper by assigning yourself an overall-grade based on your performance in the course. That grade will constitute 10 of the 30 points available for this assignment.

What a great way to help students start the course thinking about how it might be relevant to them. The instructor of this course reports that many students have personal goals related to grades. He understands that and accepts it. His goal is to help students see that there is more to the course than just a grade—that the content is meaningful and useful independent of the grade.

I don’t think many students think in terms of specific learning goals. For many, doing so will probably start out feeling like just another one of those required assignments, but having to come up with goals is a useful exercise, even if at that time students aren’t all that committed to their goals. Beyond goals, you could ask student to identify two or three things they’d like to learn in the course. You might need to explain that other than learning things related the content, they might want to develop a learning skill; like how to write better, or how to ask questions, or how to construct an argument.

You could follow up after the first paper has been submitted by sharing two or three learning goals you have for students. You may even want to share a learning goal you’ve set for yourself, such as how to use a particular instructional strategy. Discussion of individual and course goals should happen regularly during the course. If what’s happening in class one day directly relates to a student goal, you could point that out. After providing feedback to the class on a set of assignments, you might ask them what progress they think they are making toward various learning goals. Don’t expect a vibrant discussion the first time you ask, as this is not a question students are used to answering. Yet even brief mentions of goals will remind students that goals should be a part of their thinking about this course.

The real value of the assignment is the final paper where students return to their goals and assess how well they reached them. You could prompt students to provide examples illustrating how their goals were achieved. If a goal hasn’t been reached, there needs to be a discussion of why. Ask if they were starting the course over, would they set the same goals or others?

Many different iterations of the assignment are possible. In a variety of forms, it’s an assignment that develops self-assessment skills by challenging students to make the course meaningful to them. Courses should not be something instructors do unto students. In any learning endeavor, students should have goals. They should be able to articulate what they hope to take from the experience. Here’s an assignment that provides the opportunity to develop those skills.

What are some ways you help your students create goals and assess their progress? Please share in the comment box below.

Posted in Teaching Professor Blog
Tagged with assessment strategies, assessment techniques, assignment strategies, informal self-assessment, self-assessment

Reflection is a difficult skill to master, and along with criticality (closely linked) these are two academic literacies that students find hardest to master in the first year of any discipline.

With proper guidance and training, however, reflective practice allows students to critically analyse their own work, helping them to take an objective look at their own skills, abilities and approach, and allowing them to continually improve their practice. It can help students to self-evaluate, as well as being a form of self-assessment in itself.

Reflection is usually most effective as an assessed piece when looking back at a piece of work or process. It might ask the student to consider their contribution to group work, for example, or their performance in a placement, presentation or other activity. Alternatively, it might simply reflect on a student’s development within the discipline. Scaffolding is useful: start with a short formative reflection, and use that as an opportunity to discuss and develop critical reflective approaches, before a longer summative piece.

Workload guide

Preparation time Student workloadMarking time

Literacies and skills exhibited

  • Reflecting, evaluating, assessing and judging

  • Working independently, learning independently and being self-directed


  • Case studies

  • Peer assessment


Reflective pieces are usually submitted in essay form, although usually between 500-1000 words. The academic voice will differ from that of an essay, and so marking criteria that focus on reflection, criticality, and self-awareness are necessary.


As for a standard essay assignment, but focusing on the student’s ability to critique their own practice and reflect on internal and external impacts. Group feedback is useful in helping all students to develop their approach to reflection and criticality: and this may form part of a workshop to develop these aspects.

Further reading

Student guides on reflection and criticality (University of Leicester)

Facilitating reflective practice and self-assessment of competence through the use of narrativesThe University of Newcastle, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.

Guide to time involved in preparation, marking, and student workload:   Low   Medium   High


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